I. Objectives and Composition of the Union
- The objectives of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) are:
- to promote the study of all problems relating to the figure of the Earth, and the physics and chemistry of the Earth's interior, surface, fresh waters, cryosphere, oceans and atmosphere, along with relevant studies of other planets;
- to initiate, facilitate and co-ordinate research into, and investigation of those problems of geodesy and geophysics which require international co-operation or which are of international interest;
- to provide, on an international basis, for discussion and publication of the results of the researches indicated in Article 1.b);
- to promote co-ordination worldwide of scientific activities in the disciplines of interest to the Union;
- to assist with scientific advice the study of practical problems of a geodetic or geophysical character when such problems present an international aspect or when they require international co-operation of specialists or facilities;
- to promote and co-ordinate the scientific activities of several Permanent Services whose objectives are, on an international basis, to facilitate the standardization of measurements or to collect, analyse and publish geodetic or geophysical data, taking into account the results of planetary studies.
- To achieve its scientific aims, the Union consists of a number of International Associations, each of which deals with a discipline of geodesy or geophysics.
- The Union adheres to the International Council for Science (ICSU).
- Any country in which independent activity in geodesy and geophysics has been developed may adhere to the Union, provided that it takes an adequate share in the maintenance of the Union.
That country shall be represented by a single body, known as the Adhering Body, which may be either its principal scientific Academy, or its National Research Council, or any other institution or association of institutions, whether non-governmental or governmental, representing the geodetic and geophysical activities of the adhering country. Only under extraordinary circumstances, the Council of IUGG (defined in Article 5 of these Statutes) may admit a suitably designated additional Adhering Body for a country, provided a corresponding Adhering Body of that country has already been admitted as a National Member of the International Council for Science. In this case, each Adhering Body shall have a separate Council Delegate and shall be treated separately in questions of Voting and Finances.
- A country in which activity in geodesy and geophysics has been developed but which cannot participate financially in the maintenance of the Union may become Associate. That country shall be represented by a single body, as specified in Article 4.a.
- Hereafter, adhering countries will be referred to as Member Countries.
- There shall be a category of adherence known as Affiliate Membership. Any multi-national or regional geodetic, geophysical or other geosciences organisation shall be eligible for Affiliate Membership. Affiliate Members shall have the same rights, duties and obligations as Associate Members.
- There shall be a category of membership within IUGG known as Honorary Member conferred upon individuals awarded IUGG Fellowship by the IUGG Bureau. Honorary Members shall have no rights to attend meetings of Council or participate in Council business.
- The General Assembly shall consist of three parts: i) a meeting of the duly accredited Delegates of the Member Countries and guests invited in accordance with the By-Laws (the Council Meeting); ii) business meetings of the Union; iii) an open scientific assembly.
The Council of the Union shall consist of the Delegates known as Council Delegates, designated for each meeting of the Council by the Adhering Bodies of the Member Countries, one Council Delegate for each Adhering Body. Each Council Delegate shall be formally accredited by the Adhering Body in advance of each meeting of Council. Adhering Bodies in Associate status are not entitled to appoint a Council Delegate.
Each Council Delegate, normally the President of the relevant IUGG National Committee, is expected to serve until the beginning of the first session of the subsequent Council meeting. However, an Adhering Body may replace its Council Delegate during the interval between successive Council meetings, and/or appoint an Alternate Delegate for a specific meeting.
The right of a Council Delegate to vote is subject to the relevant Adhering Body meeting its financial obligations to the Union.
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